Ayurvedic definition of Health is “balance”. Balanced action,
balanced thinking, balanced physiological functioning – from blood
circulation, digestion, elimination, etc. to psychological and
spiritual balanced being.
cosmic intelligence expresses itself in the universe through five
basic elements, called the Pancha Mahabhutas – Akasha (space), Vayu
(air), Agni (fire), Jal (water), and Prithivi (earth). In the course
of evolution, these transform themselves in living beings into the
three doshas that govern the body: Vata dosha, Pitta dosha, and Kapha
dosha, consisting mainly of Akasha und Vayu elements, is the
principle of movement. Pitta, consisting mainly of Agni, is the
principle of metabolism and intelligence. Kapha, consisting of Jal
and Prithivi, is the principle of structure. A particular combination
of the three doshas in a person is called Prakriti, the constitution
of a person.
of Vata Pitta
dry unctuous heavy
cool hot cool
lightness sharp soft
subtle liquid oily
moving acid sweet
pervading spreading stable
coarse pungent smooth
Health means that all three doshas have to function in a balanced way. An imbalanced function leads to disease. Imbalanced function of the various physiological systems, such a digestive system, nervous system, sensory system, endocrine system, etc. does not fully metabolize all that is taken in. The product of such improper functioning physiology is called Ama. These are toxins and residues that further block all channels of the body and weaken the immune system.
Ayurveda calls for the purification of the physiology with Panchakarma. Additionally to Panchakarma, Ayurveda prescribes various herbal preparation that enlivens the body and mind so that its functions in a balanced way even at home, after the Panchakarma. Also, Yoga, Meditation, Yagya, Jyotish, and other Vedic disciplines play an important part in proper diagnosis and cure of diseases.